G – Dictionary

G…

G clef a clef sign that shows the position of G on the staff See clef in Staff, Barline, & Clef

G.P. General pause; complete silence, normally lasting at least one bar

G-Schlussel (German) G or treble clef

G String The third string of the guitar. see How to Change Classical  Guitar Strings

Ga…

Gafieira Brazilian ballroom dance music  popular in Rio de Janeiro

Gagliard (Italian) galliard

Gai (French) gay

Gaia (Italian) gaily

Gaiamente (Italian) cheerfully

Gaiment (French) gaily

Gaillard a simple triple time dance usually popular in the 16th and 17th centuries

Gaîté (French) gaity

Galan (German) gallant, gallantly

Galamment (French) boldly, gallantly

Galant (French) bold, gallant

Galante (Italian) bold, gallant

Galantemente (Italian) boldly, gallantly

Galliard (English) lively dance originating from the fifteenth-century, generally in triple time

Galliarde (French) lively dance originating from the fifteenth-century, generally in triple time

Galop a lively nineteenth-century round dance in simple duple time

Galopade a lively nineteenth-century round dance in simple duple time

Gamme (French) the musical scale

Gammaldans (Swedish) old dance

Gamut from the lowest to the highest

Ganz (German) quite, whole

Ganze (German) whole note see Note Values

Ganze Note (German) whole note see Note Values

Ganzetaknote (German) whole note see Note Values

Ganze Pause  (German) whole rest

Gaohu a Chinese bowed lute developed for Cantonese music in the 1920s

Garbo (Italian) grace, manners

Garbatamente (Italian) elegantly

Garbatezza (Italian) gracefulness

Garbatissimo (Italian) very graceful

Garbato (Italian) gracefulness

Garder (French) to keep, to hold

Gauche (French) left

Gaudioso (Italian) in a joyful or merry manner

Gavotte a dance in simple quadruple time

Gayageum (Korean) a twelve-string zither

Gc…

G clef a clef sign that shows the position of G on the staff See clef in Staff, Barline, & Clef

Ge… 

Gears Toothed machine part that meshes with another toothed part to change direction on a guitar tuner. see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Gebet (German) prayer

Gebrauch (German) use

Gebrochen (German) broken

Gebunden (German) slurred, tied

Gedämpft (German) damped, muffled, muted

Gedehnt (German) sustained

Gefallen (German) pleasure

Gefällig (German) agreeable, cheery, effortless,  pleasant

Gefühl (German) feeling

Gegen (German) about, against, counter, near, towards

Gehalten (German) sustained

Gehaucht (German) whispered

Geheimnisvoll (German) mysterious

Gehend (German) walking pace

Gehörig (German) fitting,  proper, suitable

Geist (German) soul, spirit

Geistlich (German) spiritual

Geistvoll (German) spiritedly and full sounding

Gekneipt (German) pizzicato

Geläufig (German) fluent, nimble

Geläufigkeit (German) fluency

Gemächlich (German) leisurely, unhurried

Gemässigt (German) moderate tempo

Gemenbondo (Italian) moaning

Gemendo (Italian) moaning

Gemessen (German) grave, measured, moderate tempo, precise, sustained tempo

Gemüt (German) feeling

Gemüth (German) feeling

Gemütlich (German) comfortable, easy-going

Gennant (German) called, known as

Genau (German) exact

Genauigkeit (German) exactitude

General MIDI set of requirements for MIDI devices aimed at ensuring consistent playback performance on all instruments bearing the GM logo

General pause complete silence, normally lasting at least one bar

Generoso (Italian) generous

Genre (French) manner, style

Gentil (French) gentle, pleasant, pretty

Gentile (Italian) delicate, elegant, gentle

Gentilemente (Italian) delicately, gently

Gentille (French) gentle, pleasant, pretty

German sixth chord an augmented sixth chord, which contains a flat third from the tonic

Gerührt (German) emotionally moved

Gesangvoll (German) song-like

Geschlagen (German) struck

Geschleift (German) legato

Geschlossen (German) closed

Geschmack (German) taste

Geschmackvoll (German) tastefully

Geschwind (German) quick

Gesprochen (German) spoken

Gesteigert (German) crescendo

Gestossen (German) staccato

Gesture musical content that indicates intention

Getchu vadyam hammered lute, in deep south of India, struck with two small bamboo mallets.

Geteilt (German) divided

Getheilt (German) divided

Getragen (German) sustained

Gettando (Italian) an extreme energetic staccato

Gettando l’arco (Italian) an extreme energetic staccato

Gewichtig (German) with dignity, weighty

Gewidmet (German) dedicated

Gewöhnlich (German) normal, usual, return to normal playing

Gezogen (German) drawn out

Gh…

Ghawazee female Egyptian gypsy dancer

Ghiribizzo (Italian) caprice

Ghiribizzoso (Italian) capricious

Ghost note a note is implied in a musical phrase, either not played or otherwise played only faintly for effect

Gi…

Giacoso (Italian) lighthearted manner, play in a merry

Gig jig, a quick dance with the beats grouped in 3’s

Giga jig, a quick dance with the beats grouped in 3’s

Gigg jig, a quick dance with the beats grouped in 3’s

Gigge jig, a quick dance with the beats grouped in 3’s

Gioco (Italian) game, play

Giocondo (Italian) cheerful, humourously, jokingly,  merry

Giocoso (Italian) merry, playful

Giocondoso (Italian) merry, playful

Gioia (Italian) joy

Gioja (Italian) joy

Gioviale (Italian) jovial

Giovialità (Italian) joviality

Gitana (Italian) gipsy

Gitano (Italian) gipsy

Gittern an early form of guitar with four pairs of gut strings

Giú (Italian) down

Giubilazione (Italian) joy, jubilant

Giubilio (Italian) joy, jubilant

Giubilo (Italian) joy, jubilant

Giucante (Italian) playful

Giuchevole (Italian) playful

Giuliani, Mauro (1781- 1829) see Classical Guitarists and Composers 

Giulivo (Italian) joyous

Giuoco (Italian) game, play

Giusta (Italian) exact, precision, strict, suitable

Giustamente (Italian) steady speed and rhythm

Giustezza (Italian) exact, precision, strict, suitable

Giusto (Italian) exact, precision, strict, suitable

Gl…

Glänzend (German) brilliant

Glatt (German) smooth

Glätte (German) smoothness

Gleich (German) like, equal

Gleichstark (German) of equal strength

Gleitend (German) glissando

Gli (Italian) the

Glide (Italian) carrying a line without gaps, very legato

Glie (Italian) the

Glissando (Italian) A rapid scale produced by sliding the finger from one note to another. see glissando in Phrasing Symbols

Glissant (French) A rapid scale produced by sliding the finger from one note to another

Glisser (French) A rapid scale produced by sliding the finger from one note to another

Gitarr (Swedish) guitar

Glue Joints Two separate parts of a guitar permanently attached with glue.

Glühend (German) glowing

Go…

Gogo late twentieth-century African American urban style developed in Washington D.C

Golpe tap on the guitar soundboard in flamenco music

Golpeador flamenco guitar tap plate

Gopak a lively 2-in-a-bar Russian dance

Gordon Romanian term for acoustic bass

Gospel an African-American sacred music style that developed in twentieth-century Protestant churches

Gothic period the late middle ages (1100-1450)

Gottuvadhyam instrument played in Southern India with six playing strings which pass over the top of the instrument, three drone strings at the side, and a series of sympathetic strings which pass under the main strings. played with a slide

Gp…

G.P. General pause; complete silence, normally lasting at least one bar

Gr…

Grace note ornamental note played quickly before the beat. see grace note in Note Symbols

Gracieuse (French) graceful

Gracieux (French) graceful

Graciozo (Italian) play gracefully

Gradatamente (Italian) gradually

Gradevole (Italian) gracefully, pleasing

Gradualmente (Italian) by degrees, gradually

Graduating the Top Before installing, a procedure of thinning a soundboard to improve its tone. see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Graduellement (French) gradually

Grain The arrangement, direction, or pattern of the fibrous tissue in wood. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Graining the Frets Direction used in dressing and polishing frets for maximum improvements in string to fret contact. See See Dressing the Frets on a Classical Guitar

Gran (Italian) big, large

Granadillo A wood common in South America. It is non-porous, straight grained and very dense. It has a medium to fine texture. The reddish brown color darkens to a brick color over time much like Honduran rosewood. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Granadina a type of fandango from southern Spain

Grand (French) great, big

Grande (French) great, big

Grandezza (Italian) grandeur

Grandioso (Italian) grandeur

Grandisonante (Italian) sonorous

Grand orchestre (French) full orchestra

Grand pause a rest for the entire ensemble

Grand staff the combination of a staff line notated in treble clef with one notated in bass clef

Gran gusto (Italian) great taste

Graphical scores a score characterized by non-traditional musical symbols arranged in a visual design

Grave (French) very slow, solemn, low (pitch)

Gravement (French) gravely

Gravemente (Italian) gravely

Gravità (Italian) gravity, seriousness

Grazia (Italian) grace

Grazioso (Italian) graceful

Graziosamente (Italian) gracefully

Graziös (German) gracious, graceful

Great staff A combination of the bass clef and treble clef staves with the common line between them

Green room a room behind the stage where musicians prepare before their performances

Griffbrett (German) fingerboard

Grimmig (German) grim, furious

Grob (German) coarse, rough

Gros (French) great, big

Grosse (French) great, big

Gross (German) great, large

Grosse (German) great, large

Grosso (Italian) full, great

Grotesk (German) grotesque

Grottesco (Italian) grotesque

Growl emphasize pain or sensuality

Growth Rings (Annular Rings) can be seen in a horizontal cross section cut through the trunk of a tree. Visible rings result from the change in growth speed through the seasons of the year, thus one ring usually marks the passage of one year in the life of the tree.

Gruppetto (Italian) the ‘turn’

Gs…

G-Schlussel (German) G or treble clef

Gu…

Guaracha an old Spanish dance

Guerriero (Italian) warlike

Guerriera (Italian) warlike

Guhmoongo (Korean) six string zither with thick silk strings

Guidoin system five line staff system of musical notation

Guilds groups of professionals, the masters of their trade, who as well as promoting their businesses also regulated the training of apprentices

Guimbri stringed bass instrument from West Africa

Guitar Lining (Kerfing) is tapered strips of wood glued around the inside seams of a guitar to add strength and stability where the sides meet the top and back. The guitar lining has spaced slits that render the wood strip flexible. see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Guitar Polish Product designed specifically for shining a guitar. see How to Change Classical Guitar Strings

Guitar Top Resonator consisting of a thin board whose vibrations reinforce the sound of the instrument. The Soundboard. see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Guitarra de golpe a Mexican 3/4 sized guitar used as a rhythmic instrument in mariachi music

Guitarra de son a small 4-string Mexican guitar from the Jarocho region

Guitarra mariachera a Mexican 3/4 sized guitar used as a rhythmic instrument in mariachi music

Guitarrico very small Spanish guitar related to the timple

Guitarrillo a small guitar with 12 metal strings used in Spanish-speaking countries

Guitarro a small Spanish five string guitar

Guitarrón a large bass guitar from Chile and Mexico. with a short neck, six strings, no frets on the fingerboard and a belly in the back

Gumbé popular Guinean rhythm

Guslee traditional Russian zither with 16 metal strings

Gusto (Italian) taste, expression

Gustoso (Italian) tastefully, expressively

Gut (German) the intestines of animals used for strings of musical instruments

Gut (German) good, well

Guzheng an Asian zither dating over 4000 years. half-tubed wood zither with movable bridges

Gy…

Gypsy scale resembling the harmonic minor scale, but with an augmented fourth (C, D, E flat, F sharp, G, A flat, B, C’). see Musical Scales

Gyterne a short-necked lute

 

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