O – Dictionary

O…

O (Italian) or

Ob…

Oben (German) above

Ober (German) above, higher

Oberek a Polish dance

Obertas a quick, wild, triple time, round dance from Poland

Obertass a quick, wild, triple time, round dance from Poland

Oblique motion a term used in counterpoint to describe when one voice is stationary and a second moves up or down

Oc…

Occasional piece musical work written for a particular occasion

Octatonic Scale see Musical Scales

Octave displacement a melody with notes played in differing octave registers

Octet (English) a work written for eight players, the group playing such a piece of music

Octette (French) a work written for eight players, the group playing such a piece of music

Octotonic a scale in which the intervals are alternately a half-step and a whole step

Octuor (French) a work written for eight players, the group playing such a piece of music

Octuple croche (French) sixty-fourth note

Od…

Od (Italian) or

Ode cantata-like musical setting of lyric poetry

Oder (German) or

Oe…

Oeuvre (French) work

Of…

Off-beat a pulse that accentuates any part of the measure other than the first beat

Öffen (German) open

Öffnen (German) to open

Og…

Ogni (Italian) all, every

Oh…

Ohne (German) without

Oi…

Oil Finish Most oil finishes available are either a linseed oil or a tung oil. These oil finishes are actually varnishes and have an appealing natural luster. They are easy to use and produce a hard, thin and flexible finish, although not as protective and durable as a lacquer finish. see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Oil Varnish Most oil finishes available are either a linseed oil or a tung oil. These oil finishes are actually varnishes and have an appealing natural luster. They are easy to use and produces a hard, thin and flexible finish, although not as protective and durable as a lacquer finish. see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Ok…

Oktett (German) a work written for eight players, the group playing such a piece of music

Ol…

Ole a Gypsy dance

Olivewood An alternative wood for the back and sides of a classical guitar. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Om…

Omutibo Kenyan musical style developed in the 1960s and 70s, based on the sounds of two guitars and a scraped glass soft drink bottle playing the rhythm section

On…

Ondeggioando (Italian) a swaying effect, tremolo, undulating, vibrato

Ondeggiante (Italian) a swaying effect, tremolo, undulating, vibrato

Ondeggiamento (Italian) a swaying effect, tremolo, undulating, vibrato

Ondulè (French) a swaying effect, tremolo, undulating, vibrato

Ongarese (Italian) Hungarian

Op…

Op. (Latin) Opus; a number assigned by the composer or publisher to identify the chronology of the composition or publication of a musical work

Open String A nonfretted note.

Open-fifth chord a triad without a third

Open form a work in which the performer decides which order to play the material, where to start and where to stop

Open string A non-fretted note.

Oper (German) opera

Opera (Italian) an abbreviation of opera in musica; a drama sung to the accompaniment of instruments, which may involve one or more singers

Operetta (Italian) a short opera

Opérette (French) a short opera

Opus (Latin) a number assigned by the composer or publisher to identify the chronology of the composition or publication of a musical work

Or…

Oral tradition music that is passed from person to person by imitation and example rather than by written notations

Orageuse (French) stormy

Orageux (French) stormy

Orchestra an ensemble of players of musical instruments arranged in sections – the strings, the woodwind and brass and the percussion, plus occasionally a harp or, for some twentieth century repertoire, a piano

Orchestra pit an area in front of, and sometimes slightly beneath the stage in an opera house from where the orchestral musicians play

Orchestration art of arranging a musical work for performance by an orchestra

Ordinaire (French) ordinary, normal

Ordinario (Italian) ordinary, normal

Orecchio assoluto (Italian) perfect pitch

Oregon Myrtle A wood also known as California or Bay Laurel (or Pepperwood). It ranges in color from blond-yellow to taupe and makes very nice guitars and offers a bright sound, similar to Maple. It is a good alternative for Flamenco guitars. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Organology science of musical instruments including their classification and development throughout history and cultures as well as the technical study of how they produce sound

Organ point a low, sustained tone that remains steady in the bass of a composition while other voices move about above it

Ornamentation additional elaboration added to a written melody  see note ornaments in Note Ornamentation

Ornaments additional elaboration added to a written melody  see note ornaments in Note Ornamentation

Os…

Oscillator an electronic sound source

Osservanza (Italian) observation

Ossia (Italian) an alternative to the original passage

Ostinato (Italian) persistent

Ot…

Ottava (Italian) octave

Ottava alta (Italian) octave higher higher

Ottava basso (Italian) octave lower

Ottava sopra (Italian) octave

Ottava sotto (Italian) octave lower

Ottetto (Italian) a work written for eight players, the group playing such a piece of music

Otto (Italian) eight

Ottu a south Indian drone instrument

Ou…

(French) or, where

Oud (Arabic) a short necked, fretless Middle Eastern and North African lute

Oúti Middle Eastern lute

Outside associated with free jazz and a style of playing in which the performer improvised freely, breaking away from strict adherence to the traditional approach

Ouvert (French) open

Ouverture (French) overture

Ouvrir (French) to open

Ov…

Ovangkol A wood from West Africa, its affordability, beauty and tonality is making it a favorite with a growing number of makers. Its figure is similar to Indian Rosewood, with dark grey straight lines over a golden-brown or olive-brown background. It comes from the same family as Bubinga and has a similar interlocking grain pattern. Tonally it is said to be between the robustness of Rosewood and the sparkly high-end of Maple. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Overdubbing recording technique that facilitates the combination of separately recorded performances

Overtone any note from the harmonic series except the fundamental

Overture a piece that acts as an introduction to an oratorio, opera, play or ballet; a concerted work similar to a suite, having a number of movements

Ovvero (Italian) or

 

 

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