X, Y, Z – Dictionary

Xa…

Xango from the Macumba ritual in Brazil, a dance in honor of the jungle god Xango

Xi…

Xitende a plucked, one-string musical bow from Mozambique with a gourd resonator

Wt…

Xtoles Mayan warriors dance from Mexico

Ya…

Yambú one of the three most popular forms of Cuban rumba, a slow to medium tempo duple meter style

Yang Qin Chinese hammered dulcimer played with two bamboo mallets

Yanggum Korean hammered dulcimer

Yasl-khani improvised songs of humor and satire from Bushehr, Iran

Yataga Mongolian zither, on which the strings are plucked, constructed as a box with a convex surface and an end bent towards the ground

Yayue (Chinese) Chinese ritual music

Ye…

Yew A alternative wood for the back and sides of a classical guitar. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Yo…

Yovoringo a Mandinka wrestling rhythm

Yu…

Yue qin (Chinese) a Chinese mandolin, with a moon-shaped soundbox (although the soundbox can be octagonal or hexagonal), with 2 strings normally tuned a 4th or 5th apart, to which two additional strings can be added, tuned in unison with the other 2 strings creating 2 courses, commonly used to accompany performances

Yüeh ch‘in (Chinese) a Chinese mandolin, with a moon-shaped soundbox (although the soundbox can be octagonal or hexagonal), with 2 strings normally tuned a 4th or 5th apart, to which two additional strings can be added, tuned in unison with the other 2 strings creating 2 courses, commonly used to accompany performances

Za…

Zählzeit (German) beat

Zambra Spanish flamenco dance of Moorish origin, performed primarily by Gypsy women

Zandunga songs and dances of southern Mexico often with amusing lyrics

Zapateado syncopated solo Spanish clog-dance in triple meter where heel stamping replaces castanets; tapping or foot stomping used in Spanish flamenco and Mexican dancing

Zart (German) tender, delicate

Zartheit (German) tenderness

Zartlich (German) tenderly

Ze…

Zebrawood A wood that is a more boldly colored alternative to Indian Rosewood. With about the same density, workability and resonance as Indian Rosewood, it is evenly striped overall with small alternating bands of gold-tan and dark brown. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Zehn (German) ten

Zeichen (German) sign

Zeitmass (German) tempo

Zelo (Italian) zeal

Zeloso (Italian) zealous

Zelosamente (Italian) zealously

Zh…

Zhonghu Chinese bowed lute

Zi…

Ziehen (German) to draw out

Ziemlich (German) rather, somewhat

Ziemlich langsam (German) rather slow

Zierlich (German) elegant

Zigeuner (German) gipsy

Zigeunerlied (German) gipsy song

Zigeunermusik (German) gypsy music

Zimbalon sophisticated form of dulcimer found in Hungary and Romania

Zingarese, alla (German) in the style of gypsy music

Zingaro (Italian) male gipsy

Zingara (Italian) female gipsy

Ziricote A wood that is striking in appearance, much like Brazilian Rosewood but in shades of grey and olive green with black rather than red with black. It is heavier than Rosewood and tends to be brittle. see Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Alternative Wood Choices for Back & Sides see Anatomy of a Classical Guitar

Zither a Tyrolean dulcimer bearing about 40 strings stretched over a closed wooden box: 4 or 5 melody strings are fretted with the left hand while the remainder are accompaniment strings

Zitternd (German) trembling

Zo…

Zögernd (German) delaying

Zongore Romanian term for guitars

Zoppa, alla (Italian) with a syncopated or limping rhythm

Zortziko 5-in-a-bar Basque folk dance where the second and fourth beats are generally dotted

Zouk (Creole) party

Zu…

Zu (German) to, too, for

Zuerst (German) first, at first

Zug (German) to process, to pull

Zugeeignet (German) dedicated

Zugehen (German) to go

Zugehend (German) going

Zukunftmusik (German) music of the future

Zum (German) to the, at the

Zur (German) to the, at the

Zurück (German) back again

Zurückgehend (German) going back

Zurückhaltend (German) holding back, slowing down

Zurückhaltung (German) slowing down, a retardation of the tempo

Zusammen (German) together

Zutraulich (German) confidingly, intimately

Zuvor (German) before

Zw…

Zwei (German) two

Zweifach (German) twofold

Zweimal (German) twice

Zweistimmung (German) two-voiced

Zweite (German) second: exact form depends on context

Zweiunddreissigstel (German) thirty-second note see Note Values

Zweiunddreissigstelnote (German) thirty-second note see Note Values

Zweiunddreissigstelpause (German) a thirty-second rest

Zwischen (German) between, amongst

Zwischenspiel (German) interlude

Zwo (German) two

Zwölf (German) twelve

Zwölftonmusik (German) twelve-note music

Zwote (German) second

Zy…

Zydeco Cajun accordion-based musical genre from Louisiana combining blues, rhythm & blues, rock, country & western, Caribbean and traditional Cajun music

 

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